Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)

This site contains a background reading list of key documents, this list is non-exhaustive and will be updated throughout the programme.


Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)


NAMA TFS ThumbnailTo ensure a comon understanding of terms, the LECB Global Support Unit has developed a series of thematic factsheets on GHG Inventory Systems, NAMAs, LEDS, and MRV. These can be used for awareness-raising with key stakeholders on key terms, or serve as a basis for more detailed and specific national factsheets.




NAMA guidebook thumbnail Guidance for NAMA Design: Building on Country Experiences
This guidance is the result of a collaborative effort between UNDP, the UNFCCC Secretariat and the UNEP - Risø Center to produce a tool to assist developing countries in formulating more effective NAMAs.

The Guidance for NAMA Design builds on countries' experiences in developing mitigation actions and has benefited from a truly collaborative process whereby a consultative process was established.


Logo GIZ NAMAInternational Partnership on Mitigation and MRV: E-Learning Course 'Development of NAMAs' online
The online course on NAMA development which can be used by participants around the world. The course has four modules which can be used separately or consecutively.

NAMAinCIS UNDP thumbnailUNDP (2010): How-to Guide: Low-emission Development Strategies and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Eastern Europe and CIS
This guide is designed to help policy makers and policy experts:
· determine opportunities for low-emission development and;
· design national LEDS or NAMAs in their respective countries.
Recognizing that each country has unique national circumstances and priorities, this guide describes the main steps in the process of developing LEDS and NAMAs that a country would follow; it identifies the main questions to be addressed at each stage and describes the main policy instruments available, based on the practical experience with LEDS and related processes to date. Where possible the guide uses practical examples to illustrate various ele ments of a LEDS.

DevelopingfinanceableNAMAs IISD thumbnailIISD (2012): Developing Financeable NAMAs - A Practitioner's Guide
This document provides guidance for identifying and prioritizing NAMAs under two tracks:
• Identifying stand-alone NAMAs
• Identifying priority NAMAs through a process of low-carbon and climate-resilient development (or climate-compatible) planning.
Within this context, this document contributes to the growing body of NAMAs learning by providing:
• A framework for low-carbon, climate-resilient development.
• A methodology for screening NAMA opportunities.

DevelopingNAMAproposal ECN thumbnailECN (2012): On developing a NAMA proposal Questions addressed are: What steps should a Party take to develop a NAMA proposal, and what is the role of different stakeholders in each step?

BuildingBlocksNAMAs AfDB thumbnailAfDB (2012): Building blocks for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
This document aims to assist African countries to understand the concepts around NAMA development and to promote the use of NAMAs as a tool to support mitigation and sustainable development strategies. It is primarily targeted at policy makers and other stakeholders with an interest in NAMAs in African countries. However,
the information is also relevant for other regions.



NAMA RE Handbook IRENA thumbnailIRENA (2012): Handbook on Renewable EnergyNationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)for Policy Makers and Project Developers
The Handbook illustrates how NAMAs offer a genuine opportunity to promote investment in renewable energy – a proven and effective route to reducing carbon emissions. The Handbook's approach aims to facilitate implementation, enhance transparency and engage stakeholders. It is illustrated by compelling case studies from Peru, Kenya and Grenada, demonstrating how policies which promote renewable energy can be used in the NAMA framework.


Cover GIZ NAMA pptGIZ (2012): Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs): Steps for Moving a NAMA from Idea to Implementation
The presentation provides a 10-step tool to contextualize, design and implement NAMAs.
English version, French version


GIZ NavigatingtransportNAMAs thumbnailGIZ (2013): Navigating Transport NAMAsThe online handbook "Navigating Transport NAMAs" gives practical advice on how to develop and implement a mitigation action in the transport sector. The handbook consists of a generic part with general information on transport NAMAs and case studies.

IISD NAMA Guidebook icon

IISD (2012): Developing Financeable NAMAs. A Practitioner's Guidebook
The document is designed to be a simple guide for stand-alone NAMAs or NAMAs nestled within a low carbon planning process, and advancing potential NAMAs to the next stage of development. The document provides: Conceptualization of NAMAS within low carbon, climate-resilient development; Identification of frameworks for developing NAMA concepts and NAMA proposals; detailed approach for NAMA concepts & proposals.


Cover UNFCCC 12 smallUNFCCC (2012): NAMA Registry Information Note
The Conference of Parties (COP), at its sixteenth session, decided to set up a registry to record NAMAs seeking international support, to facilitate the matching of finance, technology and capacity-building support with these actions, and to recognize other NAMAs. The objective of this note is to provide information to Parties in advance of the presentation of the prototype of the registry at SBI 36. It contains a brief description of the registry, including its sections and functions, and presents an overview of the information on NAMAs and support to be submitted by the users of the registry.


Cover CCCAP 13 smallCCAP (2011): Discussion Paper - Supported NAMA Template
Short paper describing some of the key anticipated elements of a supported NAMA template, as well as an example from Mexico.






 Cover GIZ 14 smallGIZ (2012): Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions - A Technical Assistance Sourcebook for Practioners
This sourcebook compiles and reviews GIZ's experience in building capacity for mitigation action in Asia and the rest of the world. It offers guidance to GIZ employees and developing countries responsible for implementing NAMAs.




Cover GIZ 15 smallGIZ (2012): Factsheet Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA)
This factsheet provides a brief summary of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), covering, amongst others, the following aspects: NAMAs and the UN Climate Negotiations; NAMA spectrum and typologies; NAMAs and the CDM; potential of NAMAs and key success factors.




Cover UNDP NAMAs 16 smallUNDP (2009): Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Key Issues for Consideration
This paper gives an overview of the building blocks of a global mitigation architecture: LEDS, NAMAs, and MRV. It also discusses individual instruments of mitigation measures like a carbon tax, cap-and-trade, sectoral top runner approaches, and the MRV of sectoral measures. Additionally, the paper discusses how to set up the institutional mechanisms for LEDS, NAMAs, GHG inventories and National Communications.


Cover WI 17 smallWI (2011): Current Developments in Pilot Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of Developing Countries (NAMAs)
This document from the Wuppertal Institute summarizes the different recent debates about NAMAs (definition, calculation of mitigation effects, sustainable development co-benefits, MRV within the climate finance context, MRV and double counting, MRV and sustainability, costs, barriers and risks) and analyzes the current developments of 16 pilot NAMAs in Indonesia, Lao PDR, Mexico, Peru, Serbia, South Africa, Thailand and Tunisia.


Cover Ecofys 18 smallEcofys/ECN/CCAP (2011): Annual Status Report on NAMAs
The report includes an up to date snapshot of current NAMA developments around the world as well as an analysis and overview of lessons learned in NAMA development.





Cover GIZ 19 smallGIZ (2012): Presentation "NAMA Financing: How to structure climate financing vehicles"
Presenting different aspects of NAMA financing, such as: Expectations and reality of NAMAs; The climate finance story so far; The financing architecture of a NAMA; Sources and accessibility of climate finance; MRVable NAMA attracting MRVable support; and Barriers & risks.


Cover UNEP 20 smallUNEP Risoe NAMA Pipeline Analysis and Database
The NAMA Pipeline Analysis and Database contains all submissions to the UNFCCC from developing countries and countries in transition for NAMAs, noting that the site is a work in progress, therefore not exhaustive and the information contained on each NAMA may not be uniform.


Cover Ecofys 18 smallEcofys NAMA database
This wiki contains a database of NAMAs around the world. To be included, there must be information published about the NAMA beyond a submission of intention to the UNFCCC.


Cover GIZ 22 smallTRANSfer - Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures
GIZ's TRANSfer transport project supports decision-makers in Colombia, Indonesia, and South Africa to develop climate change strategies in the transport sector to be registered as NAMAs.

Morocco article MCA Thumbnail Summary Article: Morocco's NAMA prioritization in the agriculture sector using Multi-Criteria-Analysis. A new summary article is available on Morocco's NAMA prioritization process in the agriculture sector using Multi-Criteria Analysis. Full analysis


                                                       Ecofys NAMA Template



Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are concrete initiatives that shift a technology or sector onto a low-carbon trajectory. A Low-Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) outlines the intended overall economic, energy, and emissions trajectory for a country and helps to identify trigger points for policy intervention. continue


Measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) should be an essential component of any mitigation action. continue

GHG Inventory System

A high-quality national GHG inventory system provides a foundation for mitigation actions and MRV. continue