Measuring, Reporting & Verification (MRV)

This site contains a background reading list of key documents, this list is non-exhaustive and will be updated throughout the programme.

Measuring, Reporting & Verification (MRV)


MRV TFS ThumbnailTo ensure a comon understanding of terms, the LECB Global Support Unit has developed a series of thematic factsheets on GHG Inventory Systems, NAMAs, LEDS, and MRV. These can be used for awareness-raising with key stakeholders on key terms, or serve as a basis for more detailed and specific national factsheets.





MRV document thumbnailMeasurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Technical Paper
MRV is foundational to our global response to climate change. MRV enables countries to meet international reporting requirements such as National Communications, Biennial Update Reports, and National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventories. It also importantly enables countries to demonstrate progress under measures such as Low Emission Development Strategies, intended Nationally Determined Contributions, and NAMAs. Finally, MRV processes provide the information that countries need to inform their broader climate change and sustainable economic development objectives.


Cover GIZ 23 smallGIZ (2011): Factsheet MRV and the International Climate Change Negotiations
This two-page factsheet provides a brief summary of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV), covering different questions, such as: What do the M, R, and V stand for? Why MRV? What needs to me 'MRVed'? What are challenges and gaps? Who should undertake MRV?





Cover WRI 24 smallWRI (2009): Enhancing Today's MRV Framework to Meet Tomorrow's Needs: The Role of National Communications and Inventories
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has already presented a comprehensive methodology for GHG-emission monitoring and reporting. This paper discusses the requirements and functions of MRV and what still needs to be developed to complete the MRV building block of a global climate architecture.




Cover OECD 25 smallOECD (2011): Design Options for International Assessment and Review (IAR) and International Consultations and Analysis (ICA)
The OECD has put together a comprehensive overview of objectives, scope, frequency, outputs, and process of ICA and IAR as an operational implementation part of the MRV-process. This process is designed to serve the countries to manage their own data in order to systematically identify technology-, capacity-, and financing gaps, i.e. needs for international support.




Cover UNDP 26 smallUNEP-Risoe (2011): Measuring, Reporting, Verifying: A Primer on MRV for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
Brief introduction to MRV developed as part of UNEP-Risoe's support to UNDP's Carbon Policy 2012 project. Includes lessons learned from current MRV frameworks and considers issues around baselines, quantitative and qualitative metrics, and boundary issues.





IGES MRV thumbnailIGES (2013): MRV for Low Carbon Development. Learning from experience in Asia
The report provides lessons and experiences obtained in Asia, through a variety of case studies, for the design and implementation of effective MRV systems. Development of an effective MRV system requires the establishment of a regulatory framework, development of tools and methodologies, and enhancement of capacity of major stakeholders concerned, as set out in this report. The report is the result of an IGES-wide effort, involving different research groups, including Climate Change, Natural Resource Management, Sustainable Consumption and Production, Economy and Environment, Governance and Capacity, Business, as well as the Kitakyushu Urban Centre.


Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) are concrete initiatives that shift a technology or sector onto a low-carbon trajectory. A Low-Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) outlines the intended overall economic, energy, and emissions trajectory for a country and helps to identify trigger points for policy intervention. continue


Measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) should be an essential component of any mitigation action. continue

GHG Inventory System

A high-quality national GHG inventory system provides a foundation for mitigation actions and MRV. continue