Since the adoptions of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 and the Millennium Development Goals in 2000, significant progress has been made worldwide in the way the issue of climate change is being addressed on national and international levels.
Better integration is seen between the variety of climate-change adaptation efforts that have arisen nationally and through international organizations. For example, some countries are more effectively mainstreaming the issue of climate change into their national development plans; systems for data collection and management are being developed; alternative means of financing for climate-change mitigation are on the increase.
This progress is just the beginning, however, and by no means universal. In many parts of the world, significant challenges remain. In lesser developed countries in particular, capacities and funds for achieving this kind of progress are lacking or sorely limited. Coping with current and projected impacts of climate change not only requires national governments to understand and manage a tremendous amount of technical information; it demands that a wide range of stakeholders be brought together to address the issue of climate change coherently.
While national policy is an essential element of effective mitigation actions it has become increasingly clear that the challenges go beyond national governments; they they alone cannot tackle the issue of climate change. Industry—whether private or public—must play an equally important role in any concerted efforts to reduce GHG emissions and achieve low-carbon growth. The Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is an exciting new way to achieve this important fusion between the public sector and industry.