24-26 February 2015
Regional Technical Dialogue on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions in Bangkok, Thailand
The second Asia-Pacific & Eastern Europe Regional Technical Dialogue on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) brought together country representatives from the region, as well as developed-country representatives, multilateral and bilateral agencies, regional organizations, and other experts, to:
- Share country experiences in the design and preparation of their INDCs;
- Share information on challenges being faced and identify lessons learned and best practices to address these challenges;
- Address issues related to the underlying technical basis required to prepare robust, realistic, and achievable contributions;
- Identify support needed to reach domestic agreement on contributions and follow-up actions; and
- Provide an update on the process of preparing INDCs and share newly identified challenges.
The agenda of the dialogue can be found here: Final Agenda
The full report of the dialogue can be found here: Meeting Report
Day 1 of the dialogue provided participants with an update on the UNFCCC climate negotiations and takeaways from previous Regional Technical Dialogues on INDCs in Latin America & the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia-Pacific & Eastern Europe. Subsequent sessions focused on recent country progress on INDC preparation and national processes to inform INDCs. The latter allowed participants to discuss institutional arrangements, securing ministerial mandates for INDCs, and stakeholder engagement. Another session provided participants with an overview of design options for INDCs (targets, policy packages, etc.). Sessions consisted of expert presentations, country case studies, and roundtable discussion, allowing participants to share their national experiences and lessons learned in preparing contributions.
The presentations from Day 1 can be found here: Day 1 presentations | ADP Update - UNFCCC | Dialogue Takeaways - UNDP | INDC Progress - Philippines | INDC Progress - Singapore | INDC Progress - EU | National Processes - UNDP | National Processes - Bangladesh | National Processes - Afghanistan | Design Options - UN ESCAP | Design Options - WRI | Design Options - Pakistan | Design Options - Armenia
The morning of Day 2 was dedicated to a discussion on data and analysis for INDCs. Countries discussed how they have used greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, national communications, and other existing data to inform INDCs and how they are reconciling top-down and bottom-up approaches to preparing contributions. An afternoon session addressed opportunities for and challenges of including adaptation components in INDCs. In the final session, participants divided into smaller groups to discuss challenges related to INDC preparation, as well as regional collaboration and international support that could be useful in this process.
The presentations from Day 2 can be found here: Day 2 presentations | Data & Analysis - WRI | Data & Analysis - Vietnam | Data & Analysis - Australia | Data & Analysis - Japan | Data & Analysis - Iran | Data & Analysis - Bhutan | Adaptation - UNFCCC | Adaptation - Thailand
The first session of Day 3 focused on upfront information to facilitate clarity, transparency, and understanding of contributions when communicating them to the UNFCCC. This information will also be important in assessing whether countries’ INDCs are collectively sufficient to meet the global two-degree goal. Participants also took part in a practical breakout group exercise that allowed them to serve as “advisors” to a fictitious country in the process of preparing an INDC. The final session of the dialogue was a panel discussion to brainstorm the way forward on INDCs, including: key post-2015 issues, potential capacity-building needs of developing countries, and possible areas where international support could help fulfill these needs.
The presentations from Day 3 can be found here: Day 3 presentations | Communicating INDCs - WRI | Communicating INDCs – NewClimate Institute | Communicating INDCs - Cambodia | Communicating INDCs - Indonesia