June 2011 – May 2014

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection

Programme Area

Public and Private/Industry




Public: Energy, waste, agriculture
Private/Industry: Industry

Country Context

Zambia UNDP-ZAM-10-001 smallZambia's economy over the last decade has remained stable with GDP growth increasing from 4.9% in 2001 to 7.6% in 2010 and per-capita income increasing from US$340 in 2001 to US$1253 in 2010. However, this only translated into a modest improvement in human development. Although extreme poverty has fallen from 44.5% in 1996 to 42.3% in 2010, it is still a major issue with about two thirds of the population living on less than $1 per day. This rate is higher in rural areas (77.9%) than in urban areas (27.5%). Furthermore, inequality of income has increased.vii

Economic diversification is a key objective of the government to foster economic growth, including the development of the manufacturing and tourism sector as well as that of agriculture. While agriculture is still the main employer (85%), mining – particularly copper mining – increasingly contributes to economic growth. Deforestation and soil erosion due to agriculture and pollution from industrial activities pose environmental and social challenges. In 2000, the land-use change and forestry sector is the largest contributor to GHG emissions (73.7%), followed by agriculture (18.9%). By 2030, emissions are expected to increase in all sectors, including an almost fourfold increase in the energy sector.viii

The new government in place since 2011 announced key national priorities including poverty eradication and food security; income generation at local level; and the development of a resilient economy.

The project will be firmly embedded in the policy context, taking into account the National Policy on Environment, Renewable Energy Policy and Vision 2030, and the forthcoming National Climate Change Response Strategy. Other key policies include the Sixth National Development Plan (2011-15), the Environmental Management Act of 2011 and the National Water Resources Management Act of 2011.ix


Planned Out puts of the Project

The overall project goal is to develop and implement a low-emission, climate resilient programme and to strengthen the country's capacity to address the challenge of climate change.

Outcome 1: Sustainable National GHG Inventory Management system designed
The purpose of this outcome is to support the development of a sustainable National GHG Inventory Management system that can improve management of GHG emission inventories, which are a cornerstone of National Communications. Outputs will include the description and documentation of the national system, along with preparation of an inventory improvement strategy.

Outcome 2: Up to four (4) NAMAs developed in the energy, agriculture, industrial processes, and waste management sectors
Training and capacity building will be provided to key stakeholders, including government officials, research institutions, academia, private sector, consulting entities, NGOs, farmers /cooperatives, and rural communities through a learning by doing approach. Selection of options for NAMA analysis will be enhanced by the preliminary portfolio of projects identified under Zambia's technology needs assessment (TNA) project, which was completed in December 2012. The TNA will develop preliminary project concepts in the energy, agriculture, industrial processes and waste management sectors. Some of these project concepts may be elaborated into NAMAs under this outcome.

Outcome 3: MRV systems designed to support implementation and evaluation of NAMAs
Under this outcome, the project will strive to build the technical and institutional capacity required for designing and implementing MRV systems for the selected NAMAs. The focus will be on establishing scope, indicators, reporting and verification mechanisms, and timeframes.



To achieve these goals, special attention is being given to anchoring climate change institutionally at a high level and creating awareness of local development advantages rising from low emission pathways. To this end, a National Project Committee has been established comprised of representatives of a range of different ministries, including the Ministry of Local Government and Housing; Ministry of Mines, Energy and Water Development; Ministry of Commerce and Industry; Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock; Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection; and the Ministry of Finance. Additional stakeholders include the Ministry of Education, science and vocational training institutes, universities, the Zambia Climate Change Network, the Zambia Environmental Management Agency, the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit, the Zambia Meteorological Department, the National Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research and the Zambia Chamber of Commerce and Industry. To make use of and strengthen existing national structures the project manager and an administrative assistant will be housed in the Inter-Ministerial National Climate Change Secretariat.x 

Organigram Zambia colors

vii Project Document
viii Initial National Communication 2004
iX Project Document
x Project Document
photo credit: UNDP


Southern Africa
Total Area
752,618 sq kmi
14,309,466 (2012)ii
GDP per capita
$1,600 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
64% (2006)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
0.22 metric tons (2007)v



iSee CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/za.html
iv https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/za.html

vSee UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm

vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php