April 2012 – March 2015
Private/Industry: Industry (Scoping study underway to determine final sectors)
To ensure sustainable development, the National Climate Change Strategy (launched 2012) outlines priority projects to be implemented in 2011-2015, plans for 2016-2025, and states objectives for 2050.The Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment is leading the implementation of the national strategy, which builds on the 2008 National Target Programme for Climate Change (2008-15) that develops action plans to respond to climate change and ensure low-carbon development.viii The Green Growth Strategy for Vietnam was launched in 2012 by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, and contains objectives for the period 2012-2020 with visions to 2050. The Green Growth Strategy aims to reduce Vietnam's energy consumption by 3% per GDP per year by 2020, while GHG emissions drop by 10-15% compared with the 2010 emission level. Three main strategic tasks are: reducing the intensity of GHG emissions and promoting the use of clean and renewable energy; adopting green production practices; and greening lifestyle and promoting sustainable consumption.
One method for achieving the targeted GHG emission reductions is through the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) mechanism and a robust measuring, reporting and verification (MRV) system is considered essential for REDD+ development.ix
The country has a number of other national strategies and policies in place, which touch climate change relevant aspects, including the National Environment Protection Strategy (2003), the Sustainable Development Strategy (2004), Vietnam's Forestry Development Strategy 2006-2010, the National Target Program to Respond to Climate Change (2008), the National Cleaner Production Strategy in Industry until 2020, the National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Law (2010), and the Vietnam Energy Efficiency Programme (aiming at saving energy by 5-8% consumption by 2015).xi
The Low-Emission Capacity Building Project activities are embedded as a component of an overarching programme, "Strengthening capacity on climate change initiatives in the Industry and Trade sectors", overseen by the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
The objective of the overarching programme is to ensure that by 2016, key national and sub-national agencies, in partnership with the private sector and communities, have established and monitor multi-sectoral strategies, mechanisms and resources to support implementation of relevant multilateral agreements and effectively address climate change adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk management.
In particular, the LECB activities will support an output that aims to deliver Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for a number of strategically chosen sectors and localities. In addition to the NAMA development, the activities supported by LECB will also include training and capacity building on GHG inventories and MRV at MOIT and other related stakeholders.
The Industrial Safety Techniques and Environment Agency within the Ministry of Industry and Trade is the implementing partner, mobilizing all inputs and collaborating with other agencies to support project implementation. The Project Steering Committee provides guidance on the project, facilitates coordination among the project partners and provides a forum for stakeholders to discuss project progress.
The Technical Advisory Group will comprise selected experts from industrial enterprises, financial institutions and service providers and with experience in this field.xii
vii See CIA Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vm.html
viii Information by National Project Focal Point
ix Information by National Project Focal Point
x National Communication 2010
xi Information by National Project Focal Point
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP
17 April 2013, Hanoi
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i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vm.html
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vm.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php