April 2013 – December 2015

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning

Programme Area





Public: Waste, transport
Private/Industry: tbd

Country Context

Alternative Thailand country imageThailand is the home to 65 million people, population distribution and economic development are concentrated in core economic centers. In May 2007, Bangkok's Governor announced that the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration would sign the Bangkok Declaration on Mitigation of Climate Change with 23 public and private organizations. The government "set a target of delivering 8% of its energy from renewable sources by 2011 and a target of 35% in 2020." The Declaration aimed to reduce the city's contribution to climate change through five measures: "reduce energy and natural resources consumption, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, promote lifestyles that uphold the sufficiency economy, promote activities that help absorb greenhouse gases, and build public awareness of global warming."vii

Various public agencies and offices in Thailand have also actively contributed to GHG mitigation efforts. Good examples of public sector initiatives are the Public Green Procurement Project of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, and the Green and Clean Project of the Ministry of Public Health.viii

Thailand's policy framework with regards to climate change and development comprises the Strategic Plan on Climate Change 2008-2012; the 40-year National Climate Change Master Plan; the 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan 2012-2016ix, which includes a Climate Change Mitigation Plan for Agriculture and an Energy Resolution Strategy; the Energy Conservation Plan 2008-2011, which included targets for industry and transport and equipment and appliance standardsx; as well as the National Alternative Energy Development Plan 2008-2022, which aims to increase the share of alternative energy to 20% of total energy consumption by 2022 compared to 2007.xi The 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan places greater emphasis on economic stability and development of resilience to external factors. It also places the move towards a 'low carbon and climate resilient society' as one of the six key development strategies.xii

The country participates in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project (LECB) to carry forward current work towards establishing its GHG inventory systems, developing practical systems for the development and implementation of NAMAs as well as Measureable, Reportable and Verifiable (MRV) systems, to build capacity for personnel and institutions as well as to synthesize and share lessons learned from the process.

Planned Out puts of the Project

By the end of the project the expected key results are:

Outcome 1: Strengthened institutional & procedural system for National GHG Inventory system for the transport and waste sectors
  • Output 1: Systematized GHG Inventory including data collection, data sources, data reporting, data access and sharing for the transport and waste sectors
  • Output 2: Strengthened institutional coordination among line agencies on GHG Inventory data system for the transport and waste sectors.
  • Output 3: Improved technical capacities of line agencies on the GHG Inventory data system for the transport and waste sectors.
Outcome 2: A Portfolio of NAMA proposals and their built-in MRV systems developed for selected industrial sector(s) to provide a 'prototype' for replication and inputs into the formulation of LEDS
  • Output 1: Engagement of key stakeholders in selected industrial sectors prepared and agreed
  • Output 2: Developed NAMA baseline and target for the selected industrial sectors
  • Output 3: Developed NAMA roadmap for the selected industrial sectors
  • Output 4: Built-in MRV systems in developed NAMA Proposals for selected industrial sectors
  • Output 5: Enhanced capacity of concerned parties to develop and implement NAMAs and their built-in MRV systems.
Outcome 3: Multi-source Finance and Technology Transfer Framework formulated to support implementation of NAMAs and policies/programs in selected industrial sectors.
  • Output 1: Finance options for NAMA/MRV in selected industrial sectors and their requirements have been assessed
  • Output 2: Technology supply chain and financial implementation requirements have been assessed for selected industrial sectors.
  • Output 3: Financial instruments have been shortlisted and recommended to move NAMA proposals to the finance ready stage.
  • Output 4: Established institutional system for tracking, monitoring and evaluation on Climate Finance
Outcome 4: Knowledge Platform established to ensure know-how flows among key stakeholders of NAMAs in selected industrial sector(s).
  • Output 1: Policy platform for institutional cooperation on NAMAs for selected industrial sectors is functional.
  • Output 2: Regularly organized NAMA and MRV task forces and workshops to enable exchanges among key stakeholders for NAMA implementation.
  • Output 3:. Established systems for communication, public awareness and advocacy to wider audiences.
  • Output 4: Lessons learned from the project Implementations consolidated, and introduced for widespread applications.


While the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning is the implementing party, the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization is the responsible party to lead the implementation of the LECB Cluster. Key stakeholders from the private sector include the Federation of Thai Industry, The Joint Standing Committee of Commerce, Industry, and Banking. Participating government agencies include the National Economic and Social Development Board of Thailand, The Pollution Control Department, The Department of Environmental Quality Promotion, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency, Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning.

The Project Board is chaired by Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning Secretary General and includes representatives from line agencies of the National Climate Change Committee and representatives from the private sector. The Project Management Unit is in charge of overall project administration and coordination with relevant organizations and consists of a Project Manager, Project Coordinators, and a Project Administrative and Finance Assistant. The Technical Advisory Group provides technical guidance to the projects and comprises a flexible network of national and international experts. The Project Assurance function is performed by UNDP Thailand and LECB Global Support Programme.xiii

Thailand Organigram

vii Second National Communication 2011
viii Project Document
ix Project Document
x Second National Communication 2011
xi See National Science and Technology Development Agency: http://nstda.or.th/pub/2012/20120523-renewable-energy-strategy-2008-2022.pdf
xii See National Economic and Social Development Board of Thailand: http://www.nesdb.go.th/Portals/0/news/plan/p11/Plan11_eng.pdf
xiii Project Document
Photo credit: http://www.into-asia.com/newphotos/%2Fthailand%2Fbangkok%2Fbangkok%20tourist%20attractions%20and%20sights%20to%20see%2FNear%20the%20


South East Asia
Total Area
513,120 sq kmi
67,091,0896 (2012)ii
GDP per capita
$9,500 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
8.1% (2009)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
4.14 metric tons (2007)v



Country documents


National Communications

Initial National Communication (November 2000)
Second National Communication (March 2011)vi


Inauguration workshop:

4 April 2014, Bangkok
Download workshop material


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php