April 2012 – March 2015

Implementing Agency

Vice President's Office, Ministry of Finance and National Environment Management Council

Programme Area





Public: tbd

Country Context

Tanzania UNDP-TAN-10-014 smallThe Republic of Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa. In 2012 the population was 46.9 million. The GDP growth rate in 2012 was 6.5%.vii Although agriculture is declining as the major contributor to GDP (27.1%), it still forms the backbone of Tanzania's economy, employing around 80% of the population. Services accounted for 48.7% of GDP in 2012, and industry 24.1%.viii


The country's energy balance is dominated by biomass-based fuels, particularly fuel-wood, which is the main source of energy for both urban and rural areas and accounts for more than 92% of the country's primary energy supply, while commercial fuels such as electricity and petroleum account for 0.8% and 7.2% of primary consumption.ix

Initial analyses of low-carbon growth opportunities and the economics of climate change have been undertaken. The Mitigation Abatement Cost Curve (MACC) prepared shows big abatement potential from efficient cookstoves, household fuel switching, improved charcoal, agriculture management.x

In terms of climate change policy, the government prepared a National Strategy for Climate Change. This five-year strategy puts in place short-, medium- and long-term strategies for addressing climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Efforts are underway to mainstream climate change issues into the National Development Plan 2011-2015 as well as into the Tanzania Development Vision 2025, and the National Energy Policy of 2003.xi

Tanzania joined the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to develop this work further under a broader framework of "Mainstreaming environment and climate change adaptation into the implementation of national policies and development plans", which was approved in April 2012.xii

In May, the inception report was approved which, together with the arrival of key programme staff in July marked the start of the implementation phase of Tanzania's National Programme. The work is led by the Vice-President's Office together with partner agencies and the Ministry of Finance and the National Environmental Management Council.

Planned Outputs of the Project

The goal is to ensure that environment and climate change are mainstreamed in the most economically important and vulnerable sectors of the economy in Tanzania leading to reduced poverty levels while maintaining environmental integrity.

The project endeavours to strengthen Tanzania's national capacity by targeting the following outputs:

  • Environment and Climate Change adaptation mainstreamed in National development planning processes as part of the Second National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA-II) implementation with a focus on agriculture, forest and livestock sectors.
  • Reviewed NAPA as part of the development process of the National Climate Change Response Strategy and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions.
  • Strengthened Institutional Framework for Climate Change Governance.
  • National Climate Change Financing Mechanism for maximizing Tanzania's potential to access international climate change funding developed.
  • Improved level of information availability and awareness on climate change impacts and adaptation strategies, environmental laws and regulation among the general public and rural communities.xiii


The Vice President's office assumes the project executive role and performs the coordination role through creation of a coordination team that is responsible to link activities of the project partners coherently. At a higher level, a Project Steering Committee coordinates implementing partners and provides policy and management guidance. The Steering Committee is constituted by senior Government officials at the levels of Permanent Secretary from respective Implementing Partners. Additionally to the ministries and institutions listed in the graph below, also members from CSOs, Media and Academia/Research Institutions are invited to join the committee.

The Project Coordinator's prime responsibility is to ensure that the project produces expected results to the required quality standard. In addition, the Vice President's Office will also assign a monitoring and evaluation specialist who will be hired to provide this support as it may be required from time to time.xiv

Tanzania organigram


vii See CIA Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html
viii See CIA Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html
ix Initial National Communication 2003
x See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/resource/ccsites/tanzania/activity/enabling.htm
xi Initial National Communication 2003
xii Project Document
xiii Project Document
xiv Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

East Africa
Total Area
947,300 sq kmi
43,601,796 (2012)ii
GDP per capita
$1,500 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
36% (2002)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
0.15 metric tons (2007)v


Country Documents

National Communications

Initial National Communication (July 2003)vi

Inauguration Workshop:

No stand-alone inauguration workshop scheduled, since activities embedded in national ongoing programme.


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php