March 2012 – February 2015
Public: Energy (solar or wind), transport, waste, NAMA "city"
Additionally there are a number of more efforts underway to address climate change, including the National Plan to Fight Against Global Warming (developed in 2009), which includes mitigation and adaptation measures on energy, transport, waste, agriculture, forestry and the construction sectors. Currently also a National Charter on Sustainable Development and Environment is under development. A National Strategy on Climate Change is under finalization in collaboration with GIZ. The Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Urban Policy had supported new cities to be more energy efficient, the High Commission for Planning has launched a "green city" initiative.viii
Morocco has also been a pioneer in the adoption and operationalization of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Africa. It was thus one of the first countries in Africa and the MENA region to establish a Designated National Authority (DNA), which is required institutional framework for national validation of CDM projects. The DNA has been well established in Morocco in 2002, the CDM national procedures have been set up and a national strategy for development of CDM projects was adopted in 2003.ix
Morocco joined the Low-Emission Capacity Building Project to develop a Low-Emission Strategy (LEDS) as well as a NAMA project portfolio along with MRV systems and an associated knowledge base.
The outcomes and outputs of the project are:
The purpose of this outcome is to ensure the mainstreaming of the concept of Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) and to progressively anchor them in the development policies of the country.
The launch of formulating NAMAs does not wait for the finalization of Morocco's LEDS. Throughout the process of LEDS development, capacity development activities and the formulation of prioritized NAMAs will be initiated. The lessons learned from this process will be crucial for the final formulation of the LEDS in Morocco. At least 3 NAMAs will be formulated within this activity. The first surveys undertaken with stakeholders show great potential in Morocco for the development of: a NAMAs in the energy sector (solar or wind); a NAMA in the industry sector, with the cement association having a great interest in this aspect; and a NAMA on urban issues in collaboration with the Ministry of Housing.
Once priority NAMAs are defined and developed, the purpose of this outcome is to design and develop a MRV system for each NAMAs. These systems must be validated by all counterparts and provide clear information and scientifically based on the relevance of the NAMA actions taken and monitor their implementation as well as their contribution to GHG mitigation.
The project will generate through its activities important knowledge related to LEDS, concepts MRV of NAMAs and more generally on GHG emission mitigation. Approaches for capacity development, best practices and lessons learned in the field will be documented, compiled and disseminated through a holistic approach to knowledge management of the project.x
To conduct this work, a Steering Committee has been set up to coordinate the inputs of key partners from Ministries (Water and Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Fisheries, Industry, Trade and New Technologies, Tourism, Interior, Equipment and Transportation, Finance), the Agency for the Development of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the High Commissariat of Planning, representatives of regions and municipalities, private sector and NGOs as well as to provide strategic guidance and supervision. A Project Management Unit conducts the planning and execution of the project as well as monitoring and evaluation, which operates under the State Secretariat for Water and Environment.xi
To ensure the work under the LECB project is closely linked with the identification of national priorities, it was decided to have a common project coordinator that manages both the LECB project as well as the Third National Communication. Also NGOs and private sector representatives are involved in the project conduction.
vii Project Document
viii Project Document
ix Project Document
x Project Document
xi Project Document
Photo credit: https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx
28 September 2012, Rabat
i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php