Timeframe

April 2012 – November 2015

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment, Climate Change Office, in close collaboration with relevant line ministries

Programme Area

Public

Scope

GHG Inventory Systems, NAMAs, MRV

Sectors

Public: Energy, industry, agriculture, waste

Country Context

Moldova image smallThe Republic of Moldova, covering an area of 33,846 km2, is located in South-Eastern Europe between Romania and Ukraine. In 2012, Moldova's population was 4,073.8 thousand people, including the Transnistrian region, with 45.1% living in urban areas.

 

In 2012 the structure of GDP was: services – 60.7%, industry – 13.9%, and agriculture – 10.0%.viii However, agriculture is an important pillar of the Moldovan national economy and the main source of livelihood in many areas. The share of the agriculture and food processing industry in total exports was about 50% in 2011 and it employs almost 27.5% of the economically active population.ix

The relevant policy framework includes the National Development Strategy "Moldova 2020" and the Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030. The Energy Strategy's main objectives are to ensure security energy supply, to develop competitive markets and ensure their regional and European integration, and to ensure the energy sector's sustainability and combat climate change.x The government had previously announced to reduce GHG emissions by at least 25% until 2020, compared to 1990.xi

Building on these efforts, groundwork was laid with the development of a Low Emission Development Strategy including a list of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) , which will support achieving Moldova's stated emissions reduction target, decarbonize the national economy while increasing the energy security, maximizing economic opportunities, and creating a climate-resilient economy, which is currently under approval. Additionally, mitigation priorities were identified for each major economic sector (i.e., energy, transportation, buildings, industry, agriculture, forestry, waste).xii The country has also a well-established GHG National Inventory System.xiii

The value of the Low-Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project for Moldova is to support and carry further these efforts. Additionally, the LECB Project offers the opportunity to engage additional key line ministries in the NAMA development process and build capacities.

Planned Outputs of the Project

The Low Emission Capacity Building Programme in the Republic of Moldova will focus on developing the capacity of the public sector contributing to the country's efforts to tackle climate change. This includes increasing institutional capacities to provide appropriate mechanisms of support and coordination when addressing climate risks it also includes strengthening technical knowledge in order to better understand and make use of climate information, and increasing relevant data and access to date for planning and decision-making. More specifically, institutional and technical capacities will be strengthened to further develop and institutionalize a robust National GHG Inventory System, to identify and formulate Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in response to national development priorities, and monitor, verify and report progress on mitigation actions. (Note: all Outcomes are currently under a review period while the Project Document is being finalized. The following may change.)


Outcome 1: Robust national systems for preparation of GHG emission inventories have been established at a national level
  • Output 1.1.: Develop a planning process for building a robust national system for preparation of GHG emission inventories
  • Output 1.2.: Strengthen the national capacities for inventory planning
  • Output 1.3: Strengthen the national capacities for inventory preparation
  • Output 1.4: Strengthen the national capacities for inventory management.
Outcome 2: NAMAs have been formulated within the context of national development priorities
  • Output 2.1: Develop a planning process for formulating NAMAs within the context of national development priorities
  • Output 2.2: Build capacity to develop, consider and approve NAMAs
  • Output 2.3: Identify, prioritize and select NAMAs in key areas/sectors
  • Output 2.4: Develop at least four NAMAs proposed
  • Output 2.5: Developed NAMA proposals endorsed by the Government
  • Output 2.6: Establish and facilitate dialogue platforms for NAMAs.
Outcome 3: MRV systems have been created to support implementation and evaluation of NAMAs, and LEDS
  • Output 3.1: Develop a planning process for creating MRV systems to support implementation and evaluation of NAMAs, LEDS
  • Output 3.2: Build capacity in MRV-related activities in order so that high government officials can support country national low-emissions pathway
  • Output 3.3: Design an MRV system to support the implementation of NIS and NAMAs, as well as of LEDS.

Moldova nat structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

The project will be implemented by the Climate Change Office as Responsible Party on behalf of the Ministry of Environment. An inter-ministerial cross-sectoral Project Board will be the main decision making body giving strategic direction and ensuring effective coordination and ownership.

 

Moldova project orga structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Launching of the project: 29 May 2014

Next steps for 2014:

  • Establish and maintain during project implementation thematic working groups on outcomes
  • Organizing National trainings for the local experts
  • Establish national Inventory Systems for Moldova
  • Develop at least two NAMA proposal
  • Build capacities on MRV systems on national level

 

vii See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php
viii Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Moldova, Department of Macroeconomic Analysis and Forecast (2013)
ix National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, Statistical Database: http://statbank.statistica.md/pxweb/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=MUN0205_en&ti=Employed+population+by+status+in+employment%2C+occupations%2C+economic++activities%2C+sex+and+area%2C
+2000-2011+&path=../Database/EN/03%20MUN/MUN02/&lang=3

x Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2030, Government Decision No. 102 of 5 February 2013, http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=346670
xi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/application/pdf/moldovacphaccord_app2.pdf
xii See Climate Change Office: http://www.clima.md/lib.php?l=ro&idc=236&
xiii See UNFCCC: National Inventory Report: 1990-2005, Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in the Republic of Moldova, http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/mdanc2nir.pdf
Photo credit: National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, Statistical Database: http://statbank.statistica.md/pxweb/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=POP0101_en&ti=Resident+population+by+sex+and+areas%2C+as+of+January+1%2C+1970-2011&path=../Database/EN/02%20POP/POP01/&lang=3 and Ministry of Economic Development of the Moldavian Transnistrian Republic, http://www.mepmr.org/pechatnye-izdaniya/statisticheskij-ezhegodnik-pmr

 

National Stats

Location
Europe/Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Total Area
33,851 sq kmi
Population
3,656,843 (2012)ii
GDP per capita
$3,500 (2012)iii
Population below national poverty line
21.9% (2010)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
3.25 metric tons (2010)v

 

Country Documents

National Communications

Initial National Communication (November 2000)
Second National Communication (January 2010)

GHG inventory (December 2005)vi

 
Inauguration Workshop:

27 May 2014, Chisinau

download workshop material

Moldova Project Presentation

i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html
v The draft National Inventory Report: 1990-2010, Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in the Republic of Moldova
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php