January 2013 – June 2015

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change

Programme Area



GHG Inventory, NAMAs planning/design/implementation, MRV systems, enabling framework and LEDS for the private sector


Private/Industry: Mining & chemical

Country Context

Mexico UNDP-MEX-08-098 smallMexico has a broad range of different landscapes and climatic zones, ranging from tropical areas to desert. Being an emerging economy Mexico seeks economic growth while recognizing the importance of actions to mitigate climate change. In this regard the Mexican Government has put into force a Special Program on Climate Change, through which it seeks to demonstrate that GHG emission reduction is possible while ensuring sustainable development.vii


Numerous activities have been carried out in the areas of GHG inventories and mitigation analysis, with detailed studies at the sectoral level. For an efficient management of mitigation options in Mexico, the country decided to continue a more in depth evaluation of the mitigation potential of various technology options for key emitting sectors.viii

The national policy context includes the National Development Plan (2007-2012), the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Climate Change, the Climate Change National Strategy, and the preparation of the 5th National Communication of Mexico. Also a national Low-Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) is being developed. The national vision for a LEDS is to combine aspects of mitigation, adaptation and economic development, including the following actions: 1) realizing the national GHG emissions abatement potential 2) realizing the national adaptation potential, 3) assessing the impacts of GHG abatement and adaptation actions on the national economy, 4) identifying co-benefits of mitigation and adaptation actions, and 5) developing a strategy for implementation of identified actions.ix

Mexico participates in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to continue these efforts, focusing on GHG inventory system, mitigation actions, an enabling framework and sectoral low emission strategies.


Planned Outputs of the Project

Outcome 1 Sectoral GHG Inventory System has been implemented
  • Output 1: Process to prepare GHG inventories and reports have been developed and implemented.
  • Output 2: GHG verified Inventories for the Mining and Chemical Industries have been delivered.
  • Output 3: Process to verify GHG inventories through GHG Verification bodies, accredited by the recognized Mexican accreditation body (EMA) has been consolidated.
Outcome 2 Identification, evaluation and implementation of GHG mitigation actions in the Mining Industry and the Chemical Selected Industries have been developed
  • Output 1: Mitigation actions have been identified and evaluated (mitigation actions that would be evaluated include both direct and indirect options such as: energy efficiency, process modifications, fuel switching, etc.).
  • Output 2: NAMAs have been formulated in the context of national development priorities.
  • Output 3: MRV system has been created to support and monitor mitigation actions and NAMAs.
  • Output 4: Supported NAMAs Pilot Program has been presented before multilateral and/or bilateral funding organizations.
Outcome 3 Enabling framework (both institutional and regulatory) has been established
  • Output 1: Dialogue platform between Public and Industry sectors has been established.
  • Output 2: Innovative policy and financing options for mitigation actions have been identified.
  • Output 3: Modifications to the existing framework have been enacted.
  • Output 4: Dissemination mechanism to raise awareness, engage stakeholders, and inform decision-makers has been established.
Outcome 4 Coherent sectoral low emission strategy has been developed and adopted
  • Output 1: Sectoral model to run GHG emissions and mitigation scenarios, including the impacts in the main economic variables for the industries has been implemented.
  • Output 2: Sectoral low-emission development strategies (LEDS) have been formulated.
  • Output 3: MRV systems for sectoral LEDS has been developed and implemented including any MRV for NAMAs or other mitigation mechanisms.
  • Output 4: Dialogue platform between Public and Industry sectors has been upgraded.x



To oversee the project implementation, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) coordinates with the National Institute of Ecology (INECC), the Ministry of Economy (SE) and further key Government agencies via the Inter-Ministerial Commission on Climate Change and ad hoc working groups with special support from the President's Office. The thematic working groups include industrial chambers (CONCAMIN) and associations from the mining (CAMIMEX) and chemical (ANIQ) industry, as well as the Mexican business council for sustainable development (CESPEDES). The active participation of private sector stakeholders is considered crucial, given that the focus of the project is in the industrial sector.xi

Mexico organigram

vii Project Document
viii Fourth National Communication, December 2009
ix Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
x Project Document
xi Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP

National Stats

Latin America
Total Area
1,964,375 sq kmi
114,975,406 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$14,800 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
51.3% (2010)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
4.39 metric tons (2007)v


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php