July 2011 – August 2014

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

Programme Area





Public: tbd
Private/Industry: tbd

Country Context

Malaysia UNCDF MYS 017LR 09 smallMalaysia is considered one of the world's mega-diverse countries and ranked 12th in the world on the National Biodiversity Index.vii The country comprises the Peninsular Malaysia, the states of Sabah and Sarawak, and the Federal Territory of Labuan on the island of Borneo. In Copenhagen, the government has reiterated its 1992 Rio commitment to maintain at least 50% of area as forest.viii


The average GDP growth rate was approximately 5.6% (2000-2007), with a large part of the GDP comprising services (48%), followed by manufacturing (30%), mining (10%), agriculture (8%) and construction (4%) (2000).ix Energy is a key driver of the Malaysian economy. Increasingly, more recent policies have focused on reducing dependency on petroleum products and environmental considerations, while ensuring supply at affordable costs. A Renewable Energy Bill was passed in 2011, setting up a national feed in tariff system and a renewable energy fund. A Sustainable Energy Development Authority was also established in 2011, building on the Small Renewable Energy Power Programme from 2001.x

Two recent policies, the National Policy on Climate Change and the National Green Technology Policy, were formulated to address climate change holistically, ensuring climate-resilient development, developing a low carbon economy and promoting green technology. The Green Technology Policy included a Green Technology Financing Scheme to support the development, supply and use of green technology from 1 January 2010. The scheme funds up to 100% of the costs of a green technology, a government guarantee provides for 60% of the financing for green technology projects.xi

A key indicator on Malaysia's success in this is the voluntary reduction of emissions intensity of GDP by up to 40% of 2005 levels by 2020. Further elements of the national policy framework on climate change include the 10th Malaysia Plan for 2011-2015, which outlines the gradual scaling up of renewable energy.xii

Malaysia joined the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to identify suitable mitigation measures and to measure, report and verify (MRV) them. Regarding the participation of the private sector, the Government has identified and approached private sector developers to implement mitigation measures in accordance with its Low Carbon Cities initiatives as well as private companies to champion the Energy Efficient Buildings initiative.

Planned Outputs of the Project




vii Second National Communication 2011
viii Second National Communication 2011
ix Second National Communication 2011
x Information by National Project Focal Point
xi Information by National Project Focal Point
xii Second National Communication 2011
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

South Asia
Total Area
329,847 sq kmi
29,179,952 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$15,800 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
3.8% (2009)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
7.32 metric tons (2007)v


Country Documents

National Communications

Initial National Communication (August 2000)
Second National Communication (April 2011)vi

Inauguration Workshop:

29-30 July 2013, Kuala Lumpur

download workshop material

i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/my.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php