Timeframe

February 2013 – January 2016

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment

Programme Area

Public / Private

Scope

GHG NIS, NAMAs, MRV

Sectors

Public: Energy, waste
Private/Industry: Industrial processes

Country Context

Lebanon country page imageLebanon is located on the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea, and is characterized by mountainous areas and a Mediterranean climate. Lebanon's GDP mainly depends on services (45%), trade (23%), industry (12%), and agriculture (5%). Lebanon's total GHG emissions for 2000 were 18.5 MtCO2e, an increase of 2.77% per annum from the 1994 baseline. In 2000, energy production was the main source of GHG emissions, accounting for 53.45% of total national emissions, followed by transport (21.41%), industrial processes (9.62%), and waste (9.4%). Efforts are underway to increase the efficiency of the Lebanese electricity sector, both in terms of its electricity supply to homes, offices and industries, but also in terms of the financing.vii

 

Lebanon has 19 comprehensive policies, activities, projects and programmes that have either been implemented, or are ongoing and are designed to support the energy efficiency, renewable energy and emission reduction sectors. There are currently eight new planned projects that are designed to support and build on these previous initiatives and programmes besides the LECB project. Key national strategies include Law 690/2005, through which climate change was included into the mandate of the Ministry of Environment, specifically under the Service of Environmental Technology. Some further existing regulations could be linked to climate change, such as the reduction of air pollution from transport, the reduction of energy import by developing local energy sources and increasing renewable energy, among others.viii Also the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon (2011-2015) describes a range of specific initiatives to reduce emissions and to generate co-benefits.ix

 

Planned Out puts of the Project

The project scope encompasses Lebanon's top-emitting sectors:

• Energy Production, which includes the use of heavy fuel oil for power generation, gasoline for
  transportation purposes, and diesel fuel used by the manufacturing and construction sectors for
  powering generators when EDL's electricity supply is unavailable.
• Industrial Processes, including process emissions without energy usage, which is accounted for
  in the first category above. The focus is on the cement industry, but also on chemical and paper
  industry.
• Waste, where the emissions are from solid waste disposal facilities/sites.

In addition to putting in place a robust national system for preparation of GHG emission inventories at the national level, the main focus of the LECB project will be on NAMA development. Up to 8 NAMAs will be identified, 5 NAMA concepts formulated and 2 detailed NAMAs developed in the energy, waste and industrial sectors, and MRV systems designed to support implementation and evaluation of identified NAMAs.

The LECB project will run in parallel and full coordination with the Climate Change Coordination Unit (CCCU) and Third National Communication projects that are about to be launched by the Ministry of Environment. The three projects will make up the platform for a national climate change unit.

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTs

The Project Board consists of the Ministry of Environment, the Council for Development and Reconstruction, and UNDP. The Board provides expertise and ensures the various studies carried out and emerging recommendations are in line with national priorities and are well coordinated with other on-going activities within the sector.

The Ministry of Environment will implement the project, and facilitate coordination of project activities with other government institutions, decision makers and private sector entities. The National Council for Environment (14 entities) serves as a stakeholder consultation group for the project and will assist in the coordination of activities.x

Lebanon organigram colors

vii Second National Communication 2011
viii Second National Communication 2011
ix The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon (2011-2015), http://www.climate-policy-watcher.org/sites/default/files/documents_post/Lebanon_NEEAP%202012.pdf
x Project Document
Photo credit: Country Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Demonstration Project for the Recovery of Lebanon: http://www.cedro-undp.org/en/EVENTS-TRAINING/PV-Workshop

National Stats

Location
Arab States
Total Area
10,452 sq kmi
Population
4,140,289 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$15,700 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
28% (1999)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
3.21 metric tons (2007)v

 

i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php