February 2013 – January 2016
Public: Energy, waste
Lebanon has 19 comprehensive policies, activities, projects and programmes that have either been implemented, or are ongoing and are designed to support the energy efficiency, renewable energy and emission reduction sectors. There are currently eight new planned projects that are designed to support and build on these previous initiatives and programmes besides the LECB project. Key national strategies include Law 690/2005, through which climate change was included into the mandate of the Ministry of Environment, specifically under the Service of Environmental Technology. Some further existing regulations could be linked to climate change, such as the reduction of air pollution from transport, the reduction of energy import by developing local energy sources and increasing renewable energy, among others.viii Also the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon (2011-2015) describes a range of specific initiatives to reduce emissions and to generate co-benefits.ix
The project scope encompasses Lebanon's top-emitting sectors:
• Energy Production, which includes the use of heavy fuel oil for power generation, gasoline for
transportation purposes, and diesel fuel used by the manufacturing and construction sectors for
powering generators when EDL's electricity supply is unavailable.
• Industrial Processes, including process emissions without energy usage, which is accounted for
in the first category above. The focus is on the cement industry, but also on chemical and paper
• Waste, where the emissions are from solid waste disposal facilities/sites.
In addition to putting in place a robust national system for preparation of GHG emission inventories at the national level, the main focus of the LECB project will be on NAMA development. Up to 8 NAMAs will be identified, 5 NAMA concepts formulated and 2 detailed NAMAs developed in the energy, waste and industrial sectors, and MRV systems designed to support implementation and evaluation of identified NAMAs.
The LECB project will run in parallel and full coordination with the Climate Change Coordination Unit (CCCU) and Third National Communication projects that are about to be launched by the Ministry of Environment. The three projects will make up the platform for a national climate change unit.
The Project Board consists of the Ministry of Environment, the Council for Development and Reconstruction, and UNDP. The Board provides expertise and ensures the various studies carried out and emerging recommendations are in line with national priorities and are well coordinated with other on-going activities within the sector.
The Ministry of Environment will implement the project, and facilitate coordination of project activities with other government institutions, decision makers and private sector entities. The National Council for Environment (14 entities) serves as a stakeholder consultation group for the project and will assist in the coordination of activities.x
vii Second National Communication 2011
viii Second National Communication 2011
ix The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon (2011-2015), http://www.climate-policy-watcher.org/sites/default/files/documents_post/Lebanon_NEEAP%202012.pdf
x Project Document
Photo credit: Country Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Demonstration Project for the Recovery of Lebanon: http://www.cedro-undp.org/en/EVENTS-TRAINING/PV-Workshop
11 March 2013, Beirut
download workshop material_1
i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php