March 2012 – December 2014

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources

Programme Area

Public and Private/Industry


INV NIS, GHG inventory, NAMAs, MRV, Technology Action Plan


Public: Energy, transport
Private/Industry: Industry

Country Context

Kenya KEN-004HR smallFrom tropical coast to arid hinterland, Kenya covers a range of different ecosystems, which provide a wealth of services to the population. According to its Initial National Communication, Kenya is a net carbon dioxide sink, due to regeneration of forest and non-forest trees. The Initial National Communication determined that there are a number of opportunities for GHG mitigation, also Kenya has identified mitigation options, which would achieve the twin objectives of sustainable economic development and GHG mitigation. The areas studied included energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry, and waste management.vii Kenya also carried out a Technology Needs Assessment as a first step towards factoring the development and diffusion of environmentally sound technology into national investment strategies.viii


The 12th Conference of the Parties (COP12) in Kenya in 2006 has boosted much the attention given to climate change in the country. An important follow-up initiative is the Parliamentary Network on Renewable Energy and Climate Change. The Energy Act 2006 prioritizes renewable energy for promotion and development and also encourages the Government to set aside funding for renewable energy. After developing a National Climate Change Response Strategy in 2009/10, the Government of Kenya is now finalising a Climate Change Action Plan to operationalise the strategy.ix

Kenya's objectives to participate in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project include the promotion of low emission development through the development of a GHG inventory management system, the development of NAMAs in key sectors with in-built MRV systems, and the support of the National Technology Development Component of the Action Plan.

Planned Outputs of the Project

The following outcomes are expected from this Project:

Outcome 1: Support for the establishment of robust national system for preparation of GHG inventories at the national level provided.
  • Output: Strengthened institutional arrangements for compiling, archiving and documenting, updating, and managing GHG inventories.
  • Output: Enhanced technical capacity for preparing national GHG inventories.
  • Output: Improved national methodologies and activity data for preparing GHG inventories in key source categories.
  • Output: Quality Assurance/Quality Control plans and procedures created.
Outcome 2: Three NAMA proposals incorporating technology, financial mechanisms and definition of the associated MRV systems fully formulated within the context of national development priorities
  • Output: Enhanced technical capacity for preparing NAMA proposals.
  • Output: Emission scenarios for three chosen NAMAs verified/developed.
  • Output: Costing and determination of technology needs of selected NAMA proposals (I&FF approach) undertaken.
  • Output: MRV systems, including clear institutional arrangements, for the chosen NAMAs defined.x
Outcome 3: A National Climate Change Technology Action Plan (NCCTAP) developed as an output of Subcomponent 5 (SC 5) on Technology of the National Climate Change Response Strategy's (NCCRS) Action Plan.
  • Output: Analysis of the initial Technology Needs Assessment (2005) and preliminary/final results of the second TNA carried out.
  • Output: Support for inventory and assessment of specific priority adaptation and mitigation technologies provided.
  • Output: A proposal on the creation of a National Technology Innovation Centre and sub-national hubs/centres including a virtual platform as well as a technology registry prepared.
  • Output: Financial support provided to accomplish NCCRS' SC5.xi


To carry out these activities the Climate Change Secretariat at the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources (MEMR) is in charge of the overall project coordination. The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) will lend support in data collation and management. The project steering committee builds on existing institutional structures and includes the Permanent Secretary of the MEMR, Director General of NEMA, the UNDP Country Director, the EU Representative in Kenya, the CEO of the Kenya Association of Manufactures, the Kenya Cleaner Production Centre, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning, University of Nairobi, Climate Change Working Group as well as key implementing partners.xii

Kenya organigram

vii Initial National Communication October 2002
viii See: http://unfccc.int/ttclear/jsp/CountryReports.jsp
ix Information by National Project Focal Point
x The LECB Programme Guidance proposed MRV of NAMAs as a separate outcome. Kenya proposes to incorporate the definition of the MRV system for each of the three NAMAs since there is already a process to develop a national MRV system, which would include defining a clear institutional framework and indicators (i.e., SC 6 of the NCCRS' Action Plan).
xi Project Document
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP

National Stats

East Africa
Total Area
580,367 sq kmi
42,013,341 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$1,800 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
50% (2000)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
0.30 metric tons (2007)v


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ke.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ke.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php