April 2013 – March 2015
Public: Transport, industry
Indonesia is playing a leading role in addressing climate change at the global stage. The country was among the first countries to ratify the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adopt the Kyoto Protocol. Indonesia achieved global visibility as the President of the 13th Conference of the Parties (COP13) to the UNFCCC hosted in Bali 2007, which developed the Bali Roadmap and Bali Action Plan. Since then, Indonesia has been a leader in the global Finance Ministers' dialogue to address the economic costs and financial impacts of climate change, which led to the G-20 and UNFCCC's negotiations for the establishment of a Green Climate Fund in 2010. Moreover, Indonesia published its Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap in March 2010, which provides strategic guidance for Indonesia's climate policies in nine sectors and covers a timescale of 30 years (2010–2029). Indonesia's commitment to reducing GHG emissions is exemplified by President Yudhoyono's announcement in the G-20 Leaders' Summit in Pittsburgh in 2009 and at the COP15 in Copenhagen (2010) to be the first developing country to make a voluntary commitment to reducing its GHG emissions by 26 percent using domestic resources and up to 41 percent with international support below its Business As Usual (BAU) level by 2020. To achieve these targets, Indonesia developed the National Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (RAN-GRK), which was approved by Presidential Regulation No. 61/2011.
The National Action Plan aims to reduce emissions through sustainable peat land management; a reduction in the rate of deforestation and land degradation; carbon sequestration in forestry and agriculture; the promotion of energy efficiency; the development of renewable energy sources; the reduction of waste; and shifting to low-emission modes of transport.viii
Indonesia participates in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to capitalize on the results achieved by past and ongoing initiatives and contribute to the incorporation of Green Economy approaches in the climate change and development policies of Indonesia, and to the technical and institutional maturity for the development of NAMAs and associated measureable, reportable and verifiable (MRV) systems.
Output 1: Green Economy approaches integrated into the RAN-GRK and MP3EI to prepare the country for NAMA implementation in a select industry sub-sector and transport sector
Output 2: Finance-ready NAMAs designed and developed in the selected industrial sub-sector and the transport sector for Greater Jakarta
Output 3: MRV systems proposed for NAMAs in the selected industrial sub-sector and the transport sector of the Greater Jakarta Area
The project will be governed by a National Steering Committee (NSC) and supported by 3 Technical Advisory Groups (TAG) - one for Green Economy, one for NAMAs, and one for MRV. A technical coordination working group that comprises representatives from relevant, ongoing initiatives will be established to facilitate coordination and harmonisation amongst different activities. See the chart below. Further details will be decided during the project inception phase.
vii See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html
viii See UNFCCC http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/items/5265.php
Photo credit: ICCTF Pilot Project on Sustainable Peatland Management
28 January 2013, Jakarta
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i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html
iv See https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php