April 2012 – March 2015

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology

Programme Area





Private/Industry: Industry

Country Context

Ghana GHA-005HR-03 smallSituated in West Africa, Ghana has a growing economy (growth rate 5.1%) over the past decade.vii With the expanding economy and growing population, the government seeks to meet energy demand in a reliable and sustainable manner. Ghana's energy strategy sets a goal of renewable energy constituting 10% of national energy generation by 2020. To reach this goal, the Parliament passed the Renewable Energy Act, providing the legal and regulatory framework necessary for enhancing and expanding the country's renewable energy sector.viii


Climate change is being mainstreamed into the national development framework, particularly through Ghana's Shared Growth and Development Agenda, which is Ghana's Medium-Term National Development Policy Framework (2010-13), and the National Climate Change Policy Framework (in preparation). The National Climate Change Policy Framework aims "ensure a climate resilient and compatible economy while achieving sustainable development and equitable low-carbon economic growth for Ghana".ix All these initiatives lay the groundwork for Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS).

The government associated with the Copenhagen Accord on February 15, 2010, and submitted a list of 55 NAMAs across all sectors.x The government is working to prioritise the highest-potential NAMAs, develop an overarching NAMA strategy, and develop two pilot demonstration NAMAs on energy efficiency and an integrated model farm for climate smart agro-forestry & animal feed management.xi

Ghana joined the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to formulate up to 2 NAMAs and associated MRV systems, to review and promote Ghana's NAMA Investor Guide and to strengthen the national GHG inventory system. These efforts will be based on the ongoing preparation of the Third National Communication and key national strategies including the Vision 2020, the Medium-term National Development Policy Framework 2010-2013, the Renewable Energy Act 2011, as well as the Strategic National Energy Plan 2006-2020, among others.

Planned Outputs of the Project

The consultation workshop conducted as part of the national stocktaking identified three priority outcomes:

Outcome1: Up to 2 financeable energy-related NAMAs formulated in the context of national development priorities, including the associated MRV system.
  • Consultation and stakeholder analysis undertaken, governance structure of selected NAMAs instituted.
  • Capacities of project participants, including potential investors, strengthened through the formulation of up to two energy NAMAs.
  • MRV systems designed to support the implementation and evaluation of the selected NAMAs; and scaling-up of the LECBP MRV to the national MRV system supported.
Outcome2: Ghana NAMAs Investor Guide reviewed and promoted among the business community.
  • Ghana NAMAs investor guide reviewed, finalized and disseminated.
  • Publication of the NAMAs investor guide supported.
  • NAMAs investor guide integration into business activities of relevant investment promotion institutions facilitated.
Outcome3: National system for preparation of GHG inventories strengthened.
  • Establishment and operationalization of the "GHG inventory central database" for the documentation and archiving of all inventory data/information supported.
  • GHG inventory manual of procedures, quality assurance/quality control manual and tier-1 uncertainty assessment for selected sectors developed.
  • Training and competence building of key inventories specialist supported, particularly for new and emerging UNFCCC/IPCC guidance or guidelines.xii


The Project Steering Committee is responsible for supervising project execution. This includes evaluating project outputs to ensure that project activities are being carried out in timely and qualitatively, and reviewing the status and needs of each of the three project's components throughout project implementation. The Project Steering Committee will be co-chaired by the Director of Environment, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology as well as the UNDP Country Director. The Energy and Climate Change Unit of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Technical Support Unit, will serve as the Secretary to the team and will be responsible for technical work. It is envisaged that the Project Steering Committee will meet four times a year, or during national exchange workshops. The Project Steering Committee comprises:

  • Project Coordinator, Director of Environment, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology
  • Project Technical Focal Person– Lead, Mitigation, GHG and Reporting, Environmental Protection Agency
  • National Development Planning Commission
  • Energy Commission
  • Forestry Commission
  • Climate Action Network (an umbrella Civil Society Organization)
  • Participating Private Sector Partners.

The Project Steering Committee is responsible for:

  • Monitoring and reviewing the progress of the project against its stated outputs, including progress reports prepared by the Technical Entity
  • Reviewing and approving the project workplan
  • Reviewing and approving the monitoring and evaluation timetable
  • Making modifications, as necessary, to the number and scope of national workshops being organized under the project
  • Making modifications, as necessary, to activities and outputs in order to achieve the project's objectives.xiii

Ghana organigram

vii Second National Communication 2011
viii Project Document
ix Project Document
x See UNFCCC http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/items/5265.php
xi Second National Communication 2011
xii Project Document
xiii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

Total Area
238,533 sq kmi
25,241,998 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$3,100 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
28.5% (2006)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
0.43 metric tons (2007)v


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php