March 2012 – February 2015
Public: Energy: renewable and energy efficiency. Transport: innovative transport facilities
Egypt framed its vision for the future of energy in the National Energy Policy, which promotes the enhanced use of natural gas, an energy price adjustment and removal of subsidies, as well as energy conservation and more efficient energy use. The strategic target is to increase the use of renewable energy (mainly solar, wind and biomass) to supply 20% of national electricity demand by 2020 and to reduce 10% of future energy consumption through energy conservation and energy efficiency. To reach these goals, the National Low-Carbon Economy Strategy aims to re-focus the country's economy towards investment in clean technologies and natural infrastructure.ix
The country participates in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to advance these considerations in the areas of the public sector as well as industry.
The proposed project outcomes are:
While the focus in the public sector is on formulation of effective NAMAs in the energy and transport sectors and a LEDS, attention will also be paid to improving MRV systems. This will be done by establishing appropriate indicators for monitoring mitigation actions, as well as by creating the conditions necessary to support future investment in mitigation measures. The focus will be on establishing scopes, metrics/indicators, reporting mechanisms, verification mechanisms, and time frames. An improved MRV system will take into account whether NAMAs are implemented autonomously, through support from developed countries, or through an international crediting mechanism. Suggested criteria for the MRV systems include: credibility, cost effectiveness, timeliness, and a simple and clear procedure which provides enough flexibility for a wide range of mitigation actions.
In the field of industry capacity building, national and regional policies translate into specific requirements for private and/or public industry, which trigger performance improvements in production processes. This component will focus on the aims and needs of at least two selected industries (i.e., cement and fertilizer, and possibly iron & steel at a later stage), and the intent is to encourage industry to uptake and scale up mitigation actions. Work will start from the industry's perspective of enhancing profitability by means of energy efficiency improvements and cost savings. During the inception phase, contacts will be made with programme representatives of the EU and UNDP and industrial organizations in the country in order to identify high priority mitigation actions and potential domestic barriers.xi
The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency and the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs will oversee the project, coordinating the input of the broad range of relevant stakeholders in Egypt, including key line Ministries, councils and agencies, academia, civil society and the private sector.xii
vii Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2011): Third Assessment Report.
viii Second National Communication 2010
ix Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
x The iron & steel industry, which ranked as third priority, will also be engaged if the project budget and duration allows for its inclusion at a later stage.
xi Project Document
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP
10 February 2014, Cairo
download workshop material
i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php