August 2011 – July 2014

Implementing Agency

Ministry of Environment

Programme Area

Public and Private/Industry


INV NIS, NAMAs, MRV, LEDS (National Mitigation Plan)


Public: Energy: transport, fugitive emissions from fuels, fuel burning. Waste: solid waste, liquid waste
Private/Industry: Agriculture: livestock, soils (EPA sectors in addition to NIS: AFOLU)

Country Context

Ecuador ECU-011HR-04 smallEcuador has vast tracts of rainforest; its rich biodiversity provides a wide range of natural services and resources that are likely to be affected by climate change. The Ecuadorian Constitution anchors the right of the population to live in a healthy environment, as well as the commitment by the State to limit GHG emissions. These visions are flanked by the National Environmental Policy, which envisages to reduce GHG emissions in the productive and social sectors, and the National Development plan with one of its goals to change the energy mix towards low emission options. The National Mitigation Plan, which is under preparation, will outline this in more detail, with the objectives to adopt mitigation measures in the agriculture sector; maintaining native ecosystems; and promoting energy efficiency and practices to reduce GHG emissions in manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal of goods, leading to a transformation of production patterns.vii

Ecuador decided to participate in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building project to develop a National Mitigation Plan and NAMAs for selected sectors as well as to implement a MRV system.

Planned Outputs of the Project

The objectives of the Low Emissions Capacity Building Programme in Ecuador are:

  • Elaborate the energy, agriculture and waste components of the National Mitigation Plan, which will bring together all policies, actions and initiatives for climate change mitigation, and will constitute the reference framework at the national level for the implementation of mitigation measures in the country's priority sectors, through a participative prioritization process, validation and establishment of commitments.
  • Develop MRV systems and a GHG inventory system for the 3 priority sectors.
  • Elaborate 3 medium term NAMAs, according to the National Mitigation Plan, for the sectors agriculture, energy and waste.

The expected outcomes are:

  • The National Mitigation Plan for energy, agriculture and waste.
  • Implementation of and training on the MRV system for GHG emissions for developed NAMAs.
  • 3 medium term NAMAs developed, one for each sector energy, agriculture and waste.

The National Mitigation Plan is the document that will route policies and actions for GHG emissions reductions and the GHG inventory system, will formalize and enhance the quality of periodical reports for the GHG inventory (National Communications), which is a commitment of Ecuador to the UNFCCC. The MRV system will provide information for the preparation and continuous improvement of LEDS and national level NAMAs per sector, and the elaborated NAMAs for the 3 sectors will be pilot initiatives to be replicated in the same sector or in others sectors mentioned in the National Climate Change Strategy. It is important to note that NAMAs will facilitate the implementation of mitigation actions in Ecuador.x


The project work will be overseen by the Ministry of Environment, flanked by the National Inter-Institutional Committee on Climate Change and UNDP, overseeing the Project Steering Committee and the Project Management and Secretariat, which coordinate the work of the technical teams. Involved national stakeholders include: the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries (MAGAP), the Ministry for Electricity and Renewable Energy (MEER), the Ministry of Environment (MAE), the Ministry of Transport and Public work (MTOP), the Coordinating Ministry for Production, Employment and Competitiveness (MCPEC), the Coordinating Ministry for Strategic Sectors (MCSE), as well as the Ministry of Industry and Productivity (MIPRO).xi

Ecuador organigram

vii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
viii For example the "Program RENOVA" (Replacement of inefficient appliances with high energy consumption, renewal of the fleet) is expected to reduce 10,465.92 tons of CO2-eq per year); the National Program for Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste brings together 120 municipalities; the operation of 8 hydropower plants contribute to reducing more than 8 million tons of CO2-eq in the energy sector.
ix Project Document
x Project Document
xi Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

Latin America
Total Area
283,561 sq kmi
15,223,680 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$8,600 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
28.6% (2011)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
2.25 metric tons (2007)v


Country Documents

National Communications

Initial National Communication (November 2000)

Second National Communication (April 2012)vi

Inauguration Workshop:

26 November 2012, Quito

download workshop material


Ecuador GHG inventory meeting 18-21 March, Quito

download meeting report


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php