Timeframe

February 2012 – January 2015

Implementing Agency

Climate Change Executive Commission

Programme Area

Public and Private/Industry

Scope

LEDS/NAMA framed in the National Strategy for Low Carbon Development, MRV, Mitigation Action Plans in selected sectors, MAPS

Sectors

Public: Energy, waste, transport
Private/Industry: Industry, mining, agriculture

Country Context

Colombia imageColombia's National Development Plan (2010 – 2014) identifies three pillars that direct government policies and projects: sustainable growth, equality of opportunities, and peace consolidation, and four crosscutting priority issues: good government, innovation, relevance in foreign affairs and environmental sustainability. The National Development Plan also identifies five sectors that will drive the economic growth in Colombia: Innovation, Mines and Energy, Agriculture, Housing, and Infrastructure. It is envisaged that these sectors will contribute to an annual increase of GDP of 1.7 percentage points.vii

 

On the other hand, according to the Second National Communication to the UNFCCC, Mines and Energy (including transport and industry) and the Agriculture sectors emitted approximately 70% of the total 180,000 Gg in carbon dioxide equivalent gases (180 Mt CO2e) in 2004. Although Colombia´s global emissions share (0.34%) can be considered marginal, the government wishes to address the sustainability of the projected growth in emissions as well as the competiveness of the Colombian economy within a low carbon global scenario in order to ensure that Colombia can exemplify the transition to economic development while leapfrogging to a low carbon economy in terms of GHG emissions.viii The climate change related goal in the National Development Plan therefore includes the identification and prioritization of mitigation options under the framework of a low carbon development strategy.ix

In this context, in 2011 the National Economic, Political and Social Council initiated the development of an Institutional coordination strategy for policy and actions in climate change that includes the Climate Change National Adaptation Plan; the National Strategy for Reduction Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD); and the Colombian Low Carbon Development Strategy (CLCDS).

The CLCDS includes five key components:

  1. 1. Identification and assessment of alternatives and opportunities in low carbon development;
  2. 2. Design and implementation of plans, policies and measures in low carbon development;
  3. 3. Design and construction of a MRV System;
  4. 4. Capacity building for the CLCDS; and
  5. 5. Establishment of cooperation and knowledge communication platform.x

The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) project will support components 2, 3, and 4 of the CLCDS. In particular, the LECB project objectives are to build capacity in six sectors (industries, energy, mining, waste, agriculture and transport) to reach their potential for low-carbon development and the creation of an MRV system in Colombia.xi

 Colombia components

Planned Outputs of the Project

Two main outcomes are envisaged in Colombia across a broad range of sectors (industry, energy, mining, waste, agriculture, and transport), all supported with capacity building:

Outcome 1: Plans, policies and measures for implementing the low carbon development strategy (CLCDS) are being implemented.
  • Output 1: Six low carbon development action plans, one for each of the following sectors: Industry, energy, mining, waste, agriculture, and transport by year 2.
  • Output 2: At least 1 program and/or project (NAMAs) in each sector, identified by public and private actors by year 3.
  • Output 3: At least one policy or measure presented for adoption to foster low carbon development in the identified sectors by year 3.
  • Output 4: The financial sub-committee of the NCCS has the capacity to assess and prioritize NAMAs.
  • Output 5: Training program implemented for the identification, formulation, and implementation of NAMAs at the sectoral level.
Outcome 2: Monitoring system has been created to support implementation and evaluation of the CLCDS.
  • Output 1: Monitoring system has been created for the CLCDS by year 3.
  • Output 2: Training program implemented for the designed MRV system of the CLCDS.

A knowledge platform will be established for stakeholders, which will also allow the work to be linked to other national activities, such as marginal abatement cost curves for industry, investment and financial flows assessments for agriculture, and development of transport NAMAs.

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

The project has been designed to be fully integrated with the official institutional climate change arrangements defined in the policy document CONPES 3700. This guarantees the country ownership of the project and links the projects with other initiatives. The different levels of the National Climate Change System carry out the supervising and coordinating functions of the project. In a nutshell, the Climate Change Executive Commission (CCEC) oversee the project with the assistance of Steering Committee and six working groups for the areas of Industry, Waste, Agriculture, Energy, Mines and Transport. The day to day management is done through a Technical Coordination and Support Team hosted in the Ministry of Environment.xii

Colombia inst arr

vii Project Document
viii Second National Communication 2010
ix Project Document
x Project Document
xi Project Document
xii Project Document

National Stats

Location
Latin America
Total Area
1,138,910 sq kmi
Population
45,239,079 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$10,400 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
37.2% (2010)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
1.43 metric tons (2007)v

 

i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php