July 2011 – June 2014

Implementing Agency

Climate Change Department of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and private organizations Chongquing International & Investment Consulting Group CO., Ltd. and Guangzhou Branch of China Quality Certification Center

Programme Area



Emission and reduction certification and accreditation schemes as support for NAMAs and MRV


Public: Chongquing City and Guangdong Province
Private/Industry: Manufacturing sub-sectors of wrought aluminium alloy, cement and motorcycles

Country Context

China CHN-003HR-85 small

China has achieved considerable economic progress over the past years, to limit effects on climate and environment the Government of China plans to decouple economic grows from Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and to reduce carbon dioxide emissions 40%-45% per GDP unit by 2020 based on the level of Year 2005.vii

The outline of the Chinese 12th Five-year Plan has defined the objectives to establish the standards, labels and the certification system for low-carbon products, establish and improve the statistical system of greenhouse gas emissions, to gradually build a carbon emission exchange system and promote low-carbon pilot projects. In August 2010, five provinces and eight cities in China, including Chongqing City and Guangdong Province, were chosen as pilot low-carbon regions to explore low-carbon development experiences in different regions.viii

As the only municipality in Midwest China, Chongqing City is the national urban and rural comprehensive reform pilot region, and one of the six earlier industrial bases. Guangdong Province is a leading area in China's reform process, most aspects of which remain at the forefront of China, such as economy, population, manufacturing, foreign trade and consumption.ix

China joined the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to establish low-carbon products certification rules in Chongqing and Guangdong, to develop low carbon product standards and GHG accounting methodologies and to conduct low carbon product certification demonstration pilots.

Planned Outputs of the Project

Among the expected results and outcomes are the following:

Outcome 1: Low Carbon Product Certification Implementation Rulesx developed for Chongqing and Guangdong for motorcycle and wrought aluminum alloy Extruded Profiles
  • Organize workshop with national and local experts in fields of low carbon, energy saving standards and certification, as well as representatives from associations and industries, to discuss the studies in current low carbon product standard to define the main research focus.
  • Draft the product certification implementation rules for motorcycle production and wrought aluminum alloy.
  • Organize consultation workshops with relevant government officials, associations and industry representatives that actively promote energy saving and low carbon production, to discuss the feasibility of the implementation rules.
  • Revise and finalize the implementation rules based on inputs and recommendations from the key stakeholders.
  • Popularize the Low Carbon Product Certification Implementation Rules and discuss with national and international experts.
Outcome 2: Low Carbon Product Standards (draft) and GHG Accounting Methodologies developed for the selected products
  • Conduct literature review of international and national low carbon product certification standards and GHG accounting methodologies for relevant products/processes, with focus on the common practice of at national level, including definition of boundaries, technical specifications, and emission factors, among others.
  • Conduct field research in selected companies to better understand the production processes in the selected industries so as to identify the relevant parameters for their low carbon standards and develop GHG accounting profiles.
  • Develop/adapt draft low carbon product standards and GHG accounting methodologies for the selected industries.
  • Organize consultation workshops with experts, relevant government officials, and associations and industry representatives to discuss the feasibility of the standards and methodologies.
  • Revise and finalize the GHG accounting methodologies.
  • Design system/tools for monitoring performance (e.g., measurement protocols, data collection templates, etc).
  • Popularize the Popularize the Low Carbon Product Certification Implementation Rules and discuss with national and international experts and discuss with national and international experts.
Outcome 3: Low Carbon Product Standards (draft) and GHG Accounting Methodologies developed for other selected products
  • The technical roadmap for this section is the same with the Outcome 2.
Outcome 4: Low Carbon Product Certification Demonstration Pilots conducted
  • Define the pilot enterprises, based on the current industry distribution of Chongqing and Guangdong, considering the integrity of the production process data, the representation and participation enthusiasm of the relevant companies.
  • Co-operate with pilot enterprises to conduct the low carbon product certification pilot and demonstration.
  • Identify and assess technology/management options to improve energy efficiency (as relevant) and reduce GHG emissions while improving productivity.
  • Identify policy instruments that would encourage lower emissions.
  • Identify and address potential mitigation barriers; including identification of domestic factors that might facilitate and scale up mitigation actions
  • Propose constructive opinions for the promotion of low carbon product certification and GHG accounting, including arguments as to why lower GHG emissions are "better for business".
  • Review and revise product certification rules of procedure, certification standards, and GHG accounting methodologies, as appropriate.
  • Promote low carbon products to raise public awareness.
  • Organize international workshop to share good experience and best practices and to promote the efforts and impacts the Chinese government has made in low-carbon production and consumption.
Outcome 5: Project Implementation Report
  • Review and conclusion of the whole project processes.
  • Draft implementation report developed.
  • Consultation workshops organized with experts, relevant government officials, and associations and industry representatives to discuss the feasibility of the report.
  • The project implementation report revised and finalized.xi



To carry out these tasks the National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC) oversees the project. Furthermore, a National Project Steering Committee is being established including the National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Science and Technology, China's Meteorological Bureau, the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China, Standardization Administration, the China International Center for Economic and Technical Exchanges, Chongqing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, Chongqing Finance Bureau, Chongqing Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, Guangdong Development and Reform Commission, as well as the Administration of Quality and Technology Supervision of Guangdong Province.xii

China institutional arrangements

vii See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/application/pdf/chinacphaccord_app2.pdf
viii Project Document
ix Project Document
x Based on experiences of product certification in China, the product certification implementation rules and product standards should be separate outcomes. The product certification implementation rules are developed to establish the certification management system, mainly including the basic procedure of the certification, the certification model, the basic requirements for certification, certificates, certification logo and charges, etc. However, the product standards define the GHG accounting methods and the certification requirements.
xi Project Document
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

Total Area
9,596,961 sq kmi
1,343,239,923 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$8,500 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
13.4% (2011)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
4.92 metric tons (2007)v


i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php