Timeframe

April 2012 – March 2015

Implementing Agency

Office of Climate Change (OCC) of the Ministry of Environment (MMA)

Programme Area

Public/Industry

Scope

INV NIS, Voluntary Carbon Management Programme, LEDS, MRV for NAMA, MAPS

Sectors

Public: Energy, forestry, transport, waste
Private/Industry: Industry, forestry, agriculture

Country Context

Chile UNDP-CHL-08-005 smallChile is characterized by large differences in altitude within short east-west distances, hosting one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world, which is vulnerable to human activities and climate change. Combined with a vast north-south extension, also transportation is of great importance to the country. Transport, forestry and energy sectors therefore play a key role in Chile in terms of sustainable development.vii

 

To address these topics in a comprehensive way, the Government of Chile has been active to develop initiatives to reach low-carbon development. Milestones include the finalization of Chile's Initial National Communication (2000); the establishment of the National Programme for Energy Efficiency (2005); the passing of a Law 20.257 for Non-Conventional Renewable Energies (2008); the development of the National Climate Change Action Plan NCCAP (2008); the creation of the Government Centre for Renewable Energies (2009); the establishment of Chilean Public-Private Agency on Energy Efficiency (2010)viii; as well as in 2011 the teaming up of the Partnership for Market Readiness, the MAPS-Chile Project, the finalization of the Second National Communication, and the completion of two UNDP projects on Social Assessments of Climate Change (with the UK) and on Assessing Investment and Financial Flows for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in selected key sectors.

The National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) foresees 6 lines of action:

  • Establishing climate change as a key issue in Chilean public policies and national environmental regulations
  • Anchoring adaptation as a key element for Chile's development process and early response to climate change
  • Introducing mitigation as a way to improve quality of economic growth, reduce overall GHG emissions and decrease adaptation costs
  • Promoting innovation in the financial and private sector as a key strategy to increase opportunities for investment in projects related to mitigation and climate change adaptation
  • Building a strategic long term perspective based on the assessment of future commitments on climate change and their likely effects on Chile´s international trade
  • Strengthening climate change knowledge management, including education and awareness to support better decisions.ix

To carry this vision forward Chile presented to the UNFCCC in 2010 a voluntary contribution to global mitigation under the Copenhagen Accord: "[...] Chile will take nationally appropriate mitigation actions to achieve a 20% deviation below the "Business as Usual" emissions growth trajectory by 2020, as projected from year 2007. [...] To accomplish this objective Chile will need a relevant level of international support. [...] Energy efficiency, renewable energy, and Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry measures will be the main focus of Chile's nationally appropriate mitigation actions" (August, 2010).x

Chile decided to participate in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to support elements of the National Climate Change Action Plan and of its voluntary contribution to global mitigation: Implementing Chile's National GHG Inventory System, while improving the transparency of initiatives on GHG inventories and mitigation actions from the private sector. Also, through the participation in the project Chile plans to strengthen capacity on MRV (measureable, reportable and verifiable) systems and to support the MRV side of mitigation actions related with energy efficiency and fossil fuels combustion in the country. Ultimately, the objective is to integrate climate change into development planning, to harmonize the positions of different stakeholders with regard to climate change and to contribute to the development of a Low-Emission Development Strategy in Chile.

 

Planned Outputs of the Project

The outcomes of the project activities are the following:

Outcome 1: Defining and operationalizing a National Inventory System
  • Output 1 Capacity building in relevant public institutions responsible for the inventory and inventory teams.
  • Output 2 Design methodology for the GHG inventory development in priority sectors.
  • Output 3 Pilot GHG inventory development in priority sectors.
  • Output 4 Validation of the pilot activity's results.
  • Output 5 Dissemination of knowledge generated in the National Inventory System, to improve GHG inventory associated actions.
Outcome 2: Designing and initializing Voluntary Carbon Management Program
  • Output 1: Constructing an emissions calculation tool.
  • Output 2: Initializing the use of the tool through trainings.
  • Output 3: Disseminating the tool and its first results more broadly.
Outcome 3: Conceptualizing MRV system for specific national NAMAs
  • Output 1: Developing a MRV system for national NAMAs and training of those responsible for existing NAMAs on the MRV system.
  • Output 2: Designing and building a national registry platform for NAMAs.
Outcome 4: Formulating Low Emission Development Strategy
  • Output 1: Designing a Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) for Chile.
  • Output 2: Using a participatory approach for the dissemination of the LEDS.xi

 

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTs

To implement these activities, the Ministry of Environment is in charge of the project, leading the coordination with other Ministries through the "Ministries´ Committee on Climate Change" (comprising the Ministries of Energy, Agriculture, Transportation, Mining, Public Works, Industry, Foreign Affairs, Finance). Additionally, a National Project Steering Committee will comprise representatives of key ministries and further institutions.xii

 Chile institutional arrangements

vii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
viii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
ix Second National Communication Chile (2011).
x http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/copenhagen_accord/application/pdf/chilecphaccord_app2.pdf
xi Project Document
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx

National Stats

Location
Latin America
Total Area
756,102 sq kmi
Population
17,067,369 (2011)ii
GDP per capita
$17,400 (2011)iii
Population below national poverty line
15.1% (2009)iv
CO2 emission estimates per capita
4.31 metric tons (2007)v

 

Country Documents

 
National Communications

Initial National Communication (February 2000)

Second National Communication (October 2011)
Second National Communication - Executive Summary (October 2011)vi
 
Inauguration Workshop:

25 October 2012, Santiago de Chile
download workshop material

i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php