April 2012 – March 2015
Public: Energy, forestry, transport, waste
To address these topics in a comprehensive way, the Government of Chile has been active to develop initiatives to reach low-carbon development. Milestones include the finalization of Chile's Initial National Communication (2000); the establishment of the National Programme for Energy Efficiency (2005); the passing of a Law 20.257 for Non-Conventional Renewable Energies (2008); the development of the National Climate Change Action Plan NCCAP (2008); the creation of the Government Centre for Renewable Energies (2009); the establishment of Chilean Public-Private Agency on Energy Efficiency (2010)viii; as well as in 2011 the teaming up of the Partnership for Market Readiness, the MAPS-Chile Project, the finalization of the Second National Communication, and the completion of two UNDP projects on Social Assessments of Climate Change (with the UK) and on Assessing Investment and Financial Flows for adaptation and mitigation of climate change in selected key sectors.
The National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) foresees 6 lines of action:
To carry this vision forward Chile presented to the UNFCCC in 2010 a voluntary contribution to global mitigation under the Copenhagen Accord: "[...] Chile will take nationally appropriate mitigation actions to achieve a 20% deviation below the "Business as Usual" emissions growth trajectory by 2020, as projected from year 2007. [...] To accomplish this objective Chile will need a relevant level of international support. [...] Energy efficiency, renewable energy, and Land Use Land Use Change and Forestry measures will be the main focus of Chile's nationally appropriate mitigation actions" (August, 2010).x
Chile decided to participate in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to support elements of the National Climate Change Action Plan and of its voluntary contribution to global mitigation: Implementing Chile's National GHG Inventory System, while improving the transparency of initiatives on GHG inventories and mitigation actions from the private sector. Also, through the participation in the project Chile plans to strengthen capacity on MRV (measureable, reportable and verifiable) systems and to support the MRV side of mitigation actions related with energy efficiency and fossil fuels combustion in the country. Ultimately, the objective is to integrate climate change into development planning, to harmonize the positions of different stakeholders with regard to climate change and to contribute to the development of a Low-Emission Development Strategy in Chile.
The outcomes of the project activities are the following:
To implement these activities, the Ministry of Environment is in charge of the project, leading the coordination with other Ministries through the "Ministries´ Committee on Climate Change" (comprising the Ministries of Energy, Agriculture, Transportation, Mining, Public Works, Industry, Foreign Affairs, Finance). Additionally, a National Project Steering Committee will comprise representatives of key ministries and further institutions.xii
vii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
viii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011
ix Second National Communication Chile (2011).
xi Project Document
xii Project Document
Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx
25 October 2012, Santiago de Chile
download workshop material
i See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html
iv See CIA Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html
v See UN Stats: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/environment/air_co2_emissions.htm
vi See UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/items/2979.php